To meet the needs of three different mental types, three
kinds of meditation have been developed in Hinduism:
Three Types of Meditation
on visual images
on sound symbols
on the self
Each aspirant should know which of mind his/her is – form
oriented, name oriented or self oriented.
Vedic pratikopasana was of two types: sampad and adhyasa.
In sampad upasana an inferior object is used as a symbol to
represent superior Reality. The symbol is unimportant, the attributes of the
higher Reality dominate the meditative field.
In Adhyasa upasana the symbol chosen is itself a superior
object and dominates the meditative field. Upon this symbol the attributes of
the Reality are superimposed, but the symbol is as important as the attributes.
Source – Types of
Meditation, Prabuddha Bharata, June 1981
A true aspirant should aim to free from the clutches of form. Mediation should help on to merge in the Supreme Source.